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Labor & Employment Law Alert - Employers Take Note: Illinois Appellate Court Decision Will Make It Harder for Illinois Employers to Enforce Their Non-Compete Agreements

July 23, 2013   |   Atlanta | Chicago | Columbus | Delaware | Elkhart | Fort Wayne | Grand Rapids | Indianapolis | Los Angeles | Minneapolis | South Bend

The Illinois Appellate Court has recently issued a decision departing from the commonly understood principle that an offer of employment to a new employee is sufficient consideration to support the enforcement of post-employment restrictions.

In Fifield v. Premier Dealer Services, Inc., 2013 Ill. App. LEXIS 424 (June 24, 2013) (Fifield), Fifield and his subsequent employer filed a motion asking the court to invalidate certain post-employment restrictions (including non-solicitation and non-competition provisions). Fifield was laid off by his prior employer when the division in which Fifield worked was purchased. The purchaser subsequently offered Fifield a job, but required that he sign the non-compete and non-solicit agreement as a condition of employment. Fifield accepted (and signed the agreement) but after approximately three months on the job, Fifield left the purchasing firm and went to work for a competitor.

In declining to enforce the non-compete and non-solicitation provisions, the court held that three months of continued employment was not sufficient consideration to support the post-employment restrictions. The court further indicated that it would generally take at least two years of ongoing employment to support such post-employment restrictions. This rule, according to the court, applies regardless of whether the employee is terminated or resigns.

The Fifield court reasoned that an offer of employment, and even the promise of continued employment, is often an illusory benefit when the employment may be terminated at any time by the employer. Accordingly, the court reasoned that neither an offer of employment nor employment lasting less than two years is adequate, by itself, to support a non-compete.

Fifield represents a stark departure from the commonly understood principle that an offer of employment to a new employee is sufficient consideration to support the enforcement of an agreement containing post- employment restrictions. Under a more traditional understanding of such agreements, employers could rest assured that their non-competes would be enforced regardless of how long an employee stayed with the company. Not anymore.

To be sure, Fifield is a concern for Illinois employers. The case reflects the increasing hostility that courts have shown toward post-employment restrictive covenants. Fifield sees Illinois courts following in step with what some federal courts have been doing: collapsing the distinction between pre-hire and post-hire restrictive covenants for purposes of determining whether adequate consideration supports them. Fifield unambiguously holds that – absent some type of additional consideration beyond the mere offer of employment itself – there must be at least two years of ongoing employment for the restrictive covenant to be enforceable.

In light of Fifield, Illinois employers should consult with counsel for advice on the enforceability of post-employment restrictive covenants.

For more information, please contact the Barnes & Thornburg Labor and Employment attorney with whom you work, or a leader of the firm’s Labor and Employment Department in the following offices:

Kenneth J. Yerkes, Chair (317) 231-7513; John T.L. Koenig, Atlanta (404) 264-4018; Norma W. Zeitler, Chicago (312) 214-8312; William A. Nolan, Columbus (614) 628-1401; Eric H.J. Stahlhut, Elkhart (574) 296-2524; Mark S. Kittaka, Fort Wayne (260) 425-4616; Michael A. Snapper, Grand Rapids (616) 742-3947; Peter A. Morse, Indianapolis (317) 231-7794; Scott J. Witlin, Los Angeles (310) 284-3777; Tina Syring Petrocchi, Minneapolis (612) 367-8705; Janilyn Brouwer Daub, South Bend (574) 237-1139; Teresa L. Jakubowski, Washington, D.C. (202) 371-6366.

Visit us online at www.btlaw.com, and don’t forget to bookmark our blogs at www.btlaborrelations.com and www.btcurrents.com. You can also find us on Twitter at www.twitter.com/btlawle.

© 2013 Barns & Thornburg LLP. All Rights Reserved. This page, and all information on it, is proprietary and the property of Barnes & Thornburg LLP. It may not be reproduced, in any form, without the express written consent of Barnes & Thornburg LLP.

This Barnes & Thornburg LLP publication should not be construed as legal advice or legal opinion on any specific facts or circumstances. The contents are intended for general informational purposes only, and you are urged to consult your own lawyer on any specific legal questions you may have concerning your situation.

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